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Khi làm writing task 1, nếu bạn chú ý đọc kỹ đề, bạn sẽ thấy yêu cầu sau luôn luôn xuất hiện:

 

Make comparisons where relevant

Điều này có nghĩa là nếu bạn muốn đạt điểm cao trong writing task 1, chắc chắn bạn phải sử dụng THÀNH THẠO Comparative Language nhé.

 

Sau đây ad xin giới thiệu với mọi người 1 vài cách sử dụng Comparison trong IELTS Writing Task 1:

 

  1. Comparisons between sentences:

So sánh dữ liệu giữa các câu với nhau           

 In contrast

e.g.      In the period between 1979 and 2004, the country witnessed a significant
growth to around 250 grams in the consumption of chicken. In contrast, around 50
grams of lamb was eaten, compared to about 40 grams of fish in 2004.

In comparison

e.g.      Almost 50% of the English, Scots and Northern Irish chose to stay in a hotel for their holiday. In comparison, staying in self-catering accommodation was much less popular with around 10% of people choosing this.

However

e.g.      A golf course and park occupies the west of Brandfield and a river passes through
the city centre. However, neither of these features affect the proposed sites.

On the other hand

e.g.      There was then a rise in the team B score to 55 points in 2005. On the other hand,
team A saw a fall in its score to 8 points, slightly higher than team C with 5 points.

 

 

 

  1. Comparisons within sentences

So sánh dữ liệu ở trong câu

while

e.g.      He proportion of those who used bikes and buses was 25% and 18% respectively, while in contrast only about 5% of people travelled by car.

whereas

e.g. Overall, the proportion of commuters who used cars increased steadily over the
period, whereas the percentage of people who travelled by bike or on foot fell
dramatically.

although

e.g. Although the proportion of commuters who used cars to go to work
saw an increase to around 23%, the percentage of travellers who used bikes fell to
20%, and the figure for those who went on foot was slightly lower at 17%.

but                                                        

e.g. They rose from 100,000 in 1930 to 130,000 ten years later, but by 1980 they
reached a peak of almost 140,000 

 

 

  1. Comparisons with more or less/fewer

Sử dụng so sánh hơn, kém

Than

e.g. Overall, more units of electricity were produced in 2010 than in 1980 in both
countries.

Fewer/less

e.g. Fewer mobiles phones were bought in 2013 than 2014.

e.g. Less oil was consumed in 2013 than 2014.

 

Note:

– Sau “more/less/fewer” chúng ta dùng “than”

– Nếu danh từ không đếm được, dùng less; danh từ đếm được, dùng fewer

 

 

  1. Comparisons with most or least/fewest

So sánh cao nhất, thấp nhất

 e.g. The most popular form of entertainment in the UK was going to the cinema.

e.g. The least common form of transport was taking a taxi.

 

  

  1.  Comparisons with numbers

Cách so sánh các số liệu khác nhau:

 [5 million] more/less/fewer

5 million fewer units of gas were sold in 2014.

Twice 

Twice the amount of gas was used for cooking in this period. [note that we use amount with uncountable nouns]

Three/four etc times 

Four times as many people chose to heat their house with electricity as with gas.

Half

Half the number of people chose to use gas as electricity.

Electricity was half as popular as gas for cooking.

 

CHÚC BẠN HỌC TỐT!!!